The vocational education and training (VET) reform implemented in the last decade in Georgia was aimed at supporting socio-economic development and poverty reduction, and improving the VET provision to meet the requirements of the labour market.
In all VET educational programmes, 40% of provision is compulsory practice. Apart from school-based VET, in recent years, work-based learning (WBL) and dual education have gained a lot of attention. While WBL is mainly a learning concept that integrates theoretical knowledge with hands-on experience, dual VET, which is the most integrated form of WBL and particularly responsive to the job market, goes much beyond the design of learning processes and is particularly dependent on systemic cooperation between the state, business sector and civil society. The introduction of dual education programmes began in 2016, significantly enhancing the employment and self-employment opportunities of VET graduates. At the same time, modularisation of VET programmes together with competence-based teaching and assessment are being introduced throughout the national VET system.
As part of its Private Sector Development Programme in the South Caucasus, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ, a German development agency) has supported the introduction of dual education programmes in the wine, tourism and construction sectors.