Vocational education and training (VET) in Azerbaijan is mostly school-based. VET programmes include industrial experience that can take place in a company or facilities (e.g. workshop, laboratory or school unit production ‘company in school’), where learners are able to work in real-life conditions.
Only a few VET institutions currently cooperate with companies to send learners on internships. The relationship between the VET system and business sectors is weak and not systematic. Most of the VET programmes are held in schools where the quality is not very high due to the lack of workshops/laboratories with adequate equipment and machinery or lack of materials. The programmes are run by ‘production masters’ who are in charge of practical training and non-teaching staff.
Work-based learning (WBL) initiatives are being piloted in a number of international projects.
Recent initiatives include promoting WBL/dual VET through the Action Plan 2018–20, approved by the Ministry of Economy, creating the Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency (KOBIA) and establishing the Strategic Road Map for VET.