Jobs in manufacturing, construction, and agriculture are those most at risk of automation and digitalisation, according to a new study by the European Training Foundation (ETF). The first of its kind focusing on the European neighbourhood, the report analyses common features in terms of emerging skills needs and the future of work in an evolving labour market in transition and developing countries.
The ETF researchers and experts from neighboring countries, including Armenia, Georgia, and Moldova, indicate that job polarisation is a recurring trend, increasing the gap between high- and low-skilled workers. According to the report, 20% of workers in the EU neighbourhood are in jobs for which they are overqualified, although their skills often do not correspond to the needs of employers.
To compete in the global market and adapt to emerging needs, the study recommends to invest in digital infrastructure, to restructure the education system, to develop effective services for the school-job transition, and to develop more focused skills.