Freshwater resources are unevenly distributed throughout the EU’s six Eastern partner countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. This was concluded in a recent report by the European Environment Agency (EEA).
The publication presents an assessment of freshwater availability and water-use efficiency in the region.
According to the EEA report, renewable freshwater resources vary considerably in the region, ranging from 12,000 m3 per capita in Georgia to about 1,800 m3 per capita in Moldova and Azerbaijan where water scarcity has been a problem for the past two decades.
Water pollution is not a new problem in the region, but it will be exacerbated in the future by intensified agriculture and industrialisation and urbanisation, especially if these developments are not supported by improved wastewater treatment, the EEA report warns. The main problem in the region’s rivers is the high concentrations of ammonium and phosphate caused by discharges of untreated or insufficiently treated wastewater and by agriculture.
The Association Agreements between the EU and Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, as well as the EU-Armenia Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement support, among others, the alignment of national water legislation with the EU and international standards.
The EEA report was developed within the ‘ENI SEIS II East’ project as part of EEA’s cooperation with the Eastern Partnership region. ‘ENI SEIS II East’ was completed in July 2020. The project was funded by the EU and implemented by the EEA.
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